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What is Municipal Law?

California Municipal Law is the law that impacts California's cities and counties, and to some extent school districts, special districts and other local government entities.

While in Law School at Santa Clara University School of Law in California's Silicon Valley, Michael Reiter worked for the City of Santa Clara in the City Attorney's Office.  After a time with Legal Aid Society of San Bernardino, Incorporated, Michael Reiter began working as a Deputy City Attorney for the City of San Bernardino, the county seat of San Bernardino County.  After the City of San Bernardino, Michael Reiter became the Assistant City Attorney of the City of Redlands, California.

Municipal Law involves not only law that only pertains to cities, but almost every area of law.  In California, cities have a City Attorney and counties have a County Counsel.  Typically, in larger cities and counties, there are subordinate attorneys called a variety of names, including Deputy City Attorneys, Assistant City Attorneys or Deputy County Counsels.   In the Inland Empire, only a small fraction of cities have in-house City Attorney's Offices or County Counsel:  Riverside County, San Bernardino County, the City of Riverside, the City of San Bernardino, the City of Moreno Valley and the City of Redlands.  In these cases, the City Attorney/County Counsel and their deputies and subordinates are employees.   All other cities in the Inland Empire contract with law firms and individual lawyers for City Attorney work.

Municipal Law includes some law that is specific only to local government, but also includes the legal needs of any organization.  Some examples of laws that are specific to cities and other government agencies in California are the Ralph M. Brown Act, California's open meeting law, and the California Public Records Acts, which governs access to government documents.  These are California laws, created by the Legislature and signed by a Governor, that are codified in the California Government Code.

Different cities have different legal needs.  Large cities can be complex, with many employees, divisions, and real estate.  This requires lawyers skilled in areas like employment law, land use, and even bankruptcy, intellectual property, and personal injury.

Michael Reiter's municipal law experience includes personal injury litigation, advising cities on local government law and code enforcement.  Today, he represents both public entities and private citizens (including business entities) in cases and matters involving municipal law.

What can Michael Reiter, Attorney at Law, do for clients in the field of Municipal Law?

For incorporated cities and towns, counties, and other local agencies:

- Act as City Attorney or Town Attorney;

- Advise councils, boards and commissions, including the Planning Commission;

-Draft and review ordinances and resolutions;

-Draft and review agreements;

-Serve as an Administrative Hearing Officer;

-Ensure Brown Act compliance;

-Give legal advice on a case-by-case basis; and

-Represent the City or Town in Superior Court or Federal Court as plaintiff, defendant, real party in interest or intervenor.


For individuals or entities, including unincorporated associations, corporations, limited liability corporations and sole proprietorship, except situations where there is a preexisting attorney-client relationship with the government entity?

-Represent the individual or entity in court against the government entity, including dangerous condition of public property cases, eminent domain and inverse condemnation cases, automobile and motorcycle accidents, violation of civil rights cases, including police misconduct, and other cases involving the Government Claims Act;

-Represent the individual or entity in administrative hearings, including administrative code enforcement hearings, in front of Planning Commissions, City and Town Councils and Boards of Supervisors, and in appeals in Superior Court;

-Give legal advice on a case-by-case basis on all areas of municipal law;

-Act as general counsel for small businesses dealing with California government entities;

-Draft and review agreements with California government entities;

-Advocate for applicants in quasi-judicial hearings, including Planning Commissions;

-Draft Public Records Acts requests and follow up with litigation, if necessary; and

-Contact public agencies regarding code enforcement problems on non-client properties.


Areas served:

San Bernardino County:

Incorporated Cities and Towns:

City of Adelanto, Town of Apple Valley, City of Barstow, City of Big Bear Lake, City of Chino, City of Chino Hills, City of Colton, City of Fontana, City of Grand Terrace, City of Hesperia, City of Highland, City of Loma Linda, City of Montclair, City of Ontario, City of Rancho Cucamonga, City of Redlands, City of Rialto, City of San Bernardino, City of Twentynine Palms, City of Upland, City of Victorville, City of Yucaipa, and Town of Yucca Valley

County of San Bernardino and unincorporated areas:

Amboy, Angelus Oaks, Baker, Baldwin Lake, Big Bear City, Big River, Bloomington, Bluewater, Cadiz, Cedar Glen, Crafton, Crestline, Daggett, Devore, Devore Heights, Earp, Forest Falls, Fort Irwin, Goffs, Helendale, Hinkley, Hodge, Joshua Tree, Johnson Valley, Kingston, Kramer Junction, Lake Arrowhead, Landers, Lenwood, Lucerne Valley, Lytle Creek, Mentone, Morongo Valley, Mount Baldy Village, Mountain View Acres, Muscoy, Nebo Center, Newberry Springs, Nipton, Oak Glen, Oak Hills, Oro Grande, Phelan, Pinon Hills, Red Mountain, Running Springs, Rice, Rimforest, San Antonio Heights, Skyforest, Sugarloaf, Searles Valley, Trona, Twin Peaks, Valley of Enchantment, Wonder Valley, Wrightwood, and Yermo.

Riverside County:

Incorporated Cities and Towns

City of Banning, City of Beaumont, City of Calimesa, City of Canyon Lake, Cathedral City, City of Coachella, City of Corona, City of Desert Hot Springs, City of Eastvale, City of Hemet, City of Indian Wells, City of Indio, City of Jurupa Valley, City of Lake Elsinore, City of La Quinta, City of Menifee, City of Moreno Valley, City of Murrieta, City of Norco, City of Palm Desert, City of Palm Springs, City of Perris, City of Rancho Mirage, City of Riverside, City of San Jacinto, and City of Temecula

County of Riverside and unincorporated areas:

Aguanga, Anza, Bermuda Dunes, Cabazon, Cherry Valley, Chiriaco Summit, Desert Beach, Desert Center, Eagle Mountain, Eagle Valley, East Hemet, El Cerrito, French Valley, Glen Avon, Highgrove, Home Gardens, Homeland, Idyllwild, Lake Tamarisk, Lakeland Village, Lakeview, Lost Lake, Mead Valley, Mecca, Mountain Center, North Shore, Nuevo, Pedley, Pine Cove, Ripley, Romoland, Rubidoux, Sedco Hills, Sky Valley, Sunnyslope, Thermal, Thousand Palms, Valle Vista, Winchester, and Woodcrest


Inland Empire Adjacent:

City of Claremont, City of Diamond Bar, City of Covina, City of Glendora, City of Pomona, City of La Verne, City of Monrovia, City of San Dimas, City of West Covina, County of Los Angeles and City of Los Angeles,

Other parts of California:  Michael Reiter is able to help clients where appropriate.

Please contact Michael Reiter for a personal, municipal law consultation in his office.

Michael Reiter, Attorney at Law
1255 W. Colton Avenue Suite 104
Redlands, CA 92374
Telephone: (909) 708-6055
Electronic mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it